Mammoth Fossils

Mammoth Fossils for sale

Mammoths are a group of extinct herbivores in the elephant family with proboscis and long supporting teeth. They lived from the Pliocene Epoch to about 4000 years ago. The woolly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius) is the best-known. 

On this Mammoth Fossils’ category page you will find several mammoth species. Not only the Woolly Mammoth but also the Southern Mammoth and Straight Tusked Elephant. The mammoth fossils are relatively common in many Pleistocene aged deposits around the world. 

We offer a wide selection of Woolly Mammoth fossils, as well as a smaller selection of Straight Tusked Bush Elephant fossils and Southern Mammoth Fossils and their tusks. All fossils have the size and weight details in their description as well as information about their origin, i.e. where they were found and approximately how old they are. All of the fossils are also treated with a special conservation method so they will remain in excellent condition. The fossils have not been restored, therefore they remain authentic.

Make sure to also have a look at our Mammoth Tusks, our newest arrivals, and our premium pristine quality fossils. Also, make sure to check out our FAQ about authenticity (yes they’re all authentic) and more! 

All you need to know about Mammoths

The mammoth was the size of the living elephants, but with a slightly different body shape. It had dense, thick fur and in winter a layer of fat up to twelve centimeters thick under the skin and it could be up to four meters high. The male mammoth tusks were curved, and the largest could be up to five meters long. The female had smaller and straighter tusks. By the way, the mammoth had only four molars at a time. They were replaced up to six times during their lifetime.

The mammoth’s first appearance

Mammoths are believed to have originated in Africa about 5 million years ago, i.e.early in the Pliocene Epoch. These “original” mammoths are known as the South African mammoths (Mammuthus Subplanifrons) and are the oldest representative of the species. By the end of the Pliocene epoch, they were extinct in Africa, but the descendant species moved north and were eventually widespread in Europe and Asia (Eurasia) before they extended into America. The last mammoth to emerge was the Woolly mammoth. 

The mammoth species to have existed

Several species of mammoths have coexisted. The most known mammoth is the woolly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius). Knowing every species of mammoth that existed is not an easy task. 

List of most commonly known mammoths to have lived: 

Why they are extinct now

Stone age people hunted the mammoths, as can be seen from cave paintings and rock carvings, which show realistic depictions of the animals. There are many indications that human hunting was a contributing factor to the extinction of mammoths in most of their habitats 10,000-12,000 years ago.

The process that led to the mammoth being completely extinct began 20,000 years ago, caused by climate changes. It was not the heat that caused them to die as it had previously 120 000 years ago. On the other hand, this was a terribly cold period, at the height of the ice age. Scientists speculate that the grass that the mammoth ate became very difficult to obtain due to the cold. The decline in the population increased sharply as the ice age drew to a close, probably because the large grasslands disappeared. Instead, they were replaced by forests in the south and tundra in the north.

The very last mammoths lived on until about 4,000 years ago. They were isolated on some small islands off the coast of Siberia in Russia called Wrangel Island. There are also said to have been mammoths in the Nordic countries, but they became extinct 50,000 years ago.

How big are these Mammoth Fossils? 

You will find the size and weight information for the specific fossil in the description when clicking on one of our products.

Frequently asked questions 

When was the last woolly mammoth alive? The very last mammoth to both emerge and go extinct is the Woolly Mammoth. They lived until about 4,000 years ago and were isolated on some small islands off the coast of Siberia in Russia called Wrangel Island.

Is mammoth tooth a fossil? Fossils are remnants, imprints, or traces of something that has lived before. Fossils can be parts of the organism itself, such as skeletons, teeth, pollen, or they can be imprints of it.

Is a woolly mammoth bigger than an elephant? The Woolly Mammoth was roughly the same size as the currently living Asian Elephant. The Asian Elephant is also the closest living relative to the Woolly Mammoth.

Are woolly mammoth fossils rare? All fossils are rare as they can be remnants, imprints, or traces of something that has lived before. If you are to compare the Woolly Mammoth fossils to other mammoth fossils, they are relatively common to find in Pleistocene aged deposits around the world, however, finding good quality fossils that can be sold is pretty complicated.